Veterinary Science

Animal husbandry may be defined as a science as well as an art of management including scientific feeding, breeding, housing, health care of common domestic animals aiming for maximum returns. Animal husbandry on large scale, creates thousands of employment opportunities throughout the year in India. Important Animal husbandry activities in Dakshinakannada includes Dairy, Piggery, Goatery, Poultry and Rabbitary. Though  fish eaters are main in coastal region annual total meat (beef, pork, chevon, mutton, rabbit meat) production is about  1360 tones.

Cross breeds like Holstein Fresian, Jersy and Indigenous breed - Malnadgidda  mainly contributes for Milk production in the district. As per 2012 census cattle population is 2,53,175 contributing for 68558.92  thousand tonnes of annual milk production.

Among the Goats Malabari is the main descriptive breed and many more non descript or cross breeds can be found.  They are mainly reared for meat, milk, fiber and manure for areca plantation. Goat meat is preferred more than beef , pork, chicken due to its lower contents of calorie, fat and  cholesterol levels.Total population of goat is 24,628.

Though the pork consumers are more in the district,Pig rearing farmers are less. Lot of exotic or cross breeds of pigs are imported from nearby district Hassan, Madikeri. Pigs are mainly reared because of its superior feed conversion power and prolificacy. Population in the district is 6463. Large white Yorkshire, Duroc and cross breeds are mainly found in this region. KVK-DK regularly providesImprovedbreeding pig seeds for the needy farmers to encourage pig farming.

Broilers, Layers,  Back yard Poultry and Game birds have increased demand in the district.Poultry  sector is growing at a faster rate compare to other sectors of agriculture. Total poultry production is 17,21,908.To boost up the rural farm women income KVK-DK has introducedSwarnadharaa improved strain of backyard poultry through Front line demonstration,  Farmer field school and training programmes. Swarnadhara produces 180-200 eggs annually (72 weeks) and gain body weight of around1.2 kgs at 42 days.

Farmer field School

KVK-DK has initiated A Farmer field School at Harekala, Pavur villages of Mangloredist on Back yard rearing of Swarnadhara poultry birds scientifically. Total of 20 interested farmers 7 farm women and 13 farm men were selected for the programme. Rocky monteriofarmer who’s main occupation is growing Harekalachilli, coconuts and goat farming had a store room in his farm field. The store room was  about 200sq ft area made of iron grills and sheets. We selected the store room after some modification for proper ventilation,to brood the chicks.

In the first class farmers were thought about cleaning and disinfection of poultry house. Fumigation process which helps in complete sterilization was performed by the group.  After seven days of fumigation  farmers  learnt about Importance of brooding in the chicks. Spreading of bedding material (Paddy husk), feed,  Fixing the broder, feeder and drinker were completed one day before chicks arrival. 

Total 300 number day old Swarnadharachicks , weighing about 40 g were provided to the farmers as a teaching aid. Theory classandgroupdiscussion on Different improved strains of backyard poultry available in different states, balanced feeding ration, Common Diseases affecting backyard poultry, Existing Marketing situation in India, Value addition of poultry products informations were given. Hands on training ondifferent  methods of vaccination like adding one drop into eye or nose, mixing vaccine into drinking water were demonstrated  for Raniketh, Infectious bronchitis and Infectious bursal disease. On 21st  day the chicks gained the body weigth of 474-506 g with B. C ratio of 2.1 were divided and distributed among farmers for backyard rearing.

Brooding preparation for day old Swarnadhara chicks by FFS Farmers

Participants of Farmer field school.

Distribution of FFS kit to the selected farmers.

Demonstration of F1 vaccination against Raniketh disease.

Field day celebration by  Harekala, Pavur farmers.

Distribution of chicks for backyard rearing to farmers.